1001 English Nights: Part the third

1001 English Nights is a group vignette involving Henry Tilney, minister, man of many bot mots and opinions on ladies’ dress, and his young wife, the former Catherine Morland, heroine of Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbery. This special production was composed for September, 2012 ‘s Austenesque Extravaganza.  For the complete schedule go to Austenesque Extravaganza.

Part I of 1001 English Nights, by Amy Smith, may be found at: All Roads Lead to Austen

Part II of 1001 English Nights, by Lory L, may be found at :  Meryton press.

And now………..Part III of 1001 English Nights!

When Henry returned from the parish duties which had drawn him from home, he found Catherine sitting by the window in the sitting-room, fanning herself with a packet of paper. When he greeted her he was surprised to see her blush vividly and stammer a greeting as she ran to him and flung her arms around his neck.

“My dear wife! Why are you so agitated? Has something happened?”

“N-no, indeed not! But you were not here when I awoke and I missed you!” She blushed again, embarrassed by the lack of poise that her mother would gently deplore. Before she could speak the footman came in and announced dinner. She pulled herself up into a dignified stance appropriate for a married woman and added, “Shall we dine, Mr. Tilney?”

Henry gravely answered her, “Indeed, my dear, I am famished.”

Catherine took his arm a little nervously and they went to the dining parlour.

During the meal Catherine kept up a flow of chatter about plans for their house, gossip that the housemaid had shared with her, her plans for some alterations to a ball gown which she was not satisfied with, and comments about the delicious dinner the footman was serving them. When they had finished and the covers were removed, Catherine asked Henry, “Would you like to have your port in here, or would you prefer to join me in the parlour?”

“I will join you my dear…as you know my port has much more flavor when I have you to talk to.” He smiled at his wife and she blushed.

By the time they had settled down in front of the fireplace and she had a glass of port for Henry and a cup of tea for herself, Catherine had recovered some of the aplomb that she had worked so hard to gain since her marriage.

“So what did you do with your day, my dear?” was Henry’s first question after the footman had closed the door behind him.

“Oh, talked to Cook and gave instructions to Betsy about dusting the parlour. Nothing very exciting. Oh, that stain on your shirt from when Balthazar knocked your wine over did not come out. I do not know what to do about it.” She glared over at the Newfoundland, who had opened his eyes at the sound of his name, then quickly added, in a low voice, “Oh…and I worked on my story”

Henry turned his eyes from the offending Balthazar and lifted a brow at his wife, a smile tugging at the corners of his mouth. “Really? You must read it to me.”

Oddly, Catherine blushed once again and stammered, “Y-you must read it yourself. I-I would rather you read it yourself.”

Henry smiled wider and said, “Oh, really? Why do you not bring now and I will read it while we have our tea.” He put his empty wine glass aside and poured himself a cup of tea.

Catherine gulped nervously, but nodded and picked up the pages she had been fanning herself with. “Here they are.” She handed them to him a little reluctantly.

With another quirk of his left brow, he took the sheets and settled himself to read.

When he finished he looked up at his wife, two spots of pink in both his cheeks and his eyes a little…unfocussed. “My goodness…this is quite…a vivid portrayal.” He took a deep breath and looked at Catherine again, this time examining her expression intently. Her face was blanched and she could not look him steadily in the eye. Henry took in her expression and her posture, then patted the settee next to him. “Come sit next to me, my dear.”

Catherine did so, and burst out before he could continue, “I’m sorry! I know that this is not a proper thing for a wife…especially a minister’s wife…to write! It just happened and when I was done I was so…flustered that I could not change it right away.” She twisted her handkerchief around and around until the lace edge was on the verge of tearing free.

She opened her mouth to speak again, but Henry gently placed a finger over her lips.

“You are correct that it would not do to have anyone else read your writing, but I must admit that I found it very…stimulating. Perhaps we should keep any further pages locked in your trunk where the maids cannot find them.”

“You…you do not mind that I wrote them?” Catherine frowned, not quite understanding the expression on his face.

“No I don’t mind, my love. I just do not want to share the tales that my Scheherezade spins.” He drew her onto his lap, his fingers tangled in her hair.

“W-who is Scheherezade?” Catherine was having difficulty remembering what they were talking about with Henry’s gaze burning into her eyes.

“I’ll tell you later,” he whispered before his lips met hers.

Happy Birthday, Jane Austen!

Dearest Jane:
I just wanted to send my best wishes on your 236th birthday! Now, I know that after the first 200 years of life birthdays no longer seem so important, but as one of your best friends I wanted to send you a little token of my love and friendship. I first heard this played by Miss Mary Bennet at the Netherfield ball (I believe I told you about THAT fiasco!), but, in spite of Miss Bennet’s lack of talent, I thought the song itself had potential. I bought it for myself and so enjoyed it that I wanted to share the work with you. It is by Handel…I know, I know, a little old fashioned and stuffy, but you must admit that he CAN compose! And it was SO funny to see his face when he found out that his former patron, the Elector of Hanover, was to become the King of England when GF had been lurking about London for years and delaying his return to Hanover. What a hoot! Well, my dearest friend, I hope you enjoy the music…and keep Mary Bennet away from the pianoforte! 🙂
C. Allyn Pierson

To find out what else Jane got for her birthday, just visit the surprise party put on by Maria Grazia at My Jane Austen Bookclub, and and Katherine Cox at November’s Autumn and maybe you will win a present too! I am giving away a copy of Mr. Darcy’s Little Sister and the giveaway is open worldwide!

Jane’s other friends who are at the party:

  1. Sharon Lathan  Blog: Sharon Lathan      Giveaway : Miss Darcy Falls in Love
  2. Emily Snyder    Blog: O! Beauty Unattempted     Giveaway: Letters of Love & Deception
  3. Laurel Ann Nattress     Blog:  Austenprose  Giveaway: signed copy of Jane Austen Made Me Do It
  4. Cindy Jones     Blog: First Draft    Giveaway:  a signed copy of “My Jane Austen Summer” and a package of Lily Berry’s Pink Rose Tea by Bingley’s, Ltd.
  5. Farida Mestek     Blog:  Regency stories set against the backdrop of Regency England     Giveaway: I was Jane Austen Best Friend by Cora Harrison
  6. Marilyn Brant    Blog:    Brant Flakes     Giveaway : A canvas ACCORDING TO JANE tote bag and a pair of A SUMMER IN EUROPE luggage tags.
  7. Prue Batten    Blog: Mesmered’s Blog     Giveaway : Anna Elliot’s  “Georgiana Darcy” (Kindle book)
  8. Erin Blakemore   Blog:   The Heroine’s Bookshelf       Giveaway :  a set of Potter-Style Pride and Prejudice notecards  
  9.  Blog: vvb32 read      Giveaway: Jane Austen’s Little Instruction Book (Charming Petites) By Jane Austen,  Edited by Sophia Bedford-Pierce, Illustrated by Mullen & Katz,  Introduction by  Barbara Paulding
  10. Karen Doornebos     Blog: The Fiction vs. Reality Smackdown    Giveaway: 2 Jane Austen Candles and 2 signed DNMD books plus drink coasters and tea!
  11. Regina Jeffers  ReginaJeffers’s Blog    Giveaway:  An autographed copy of “Christmas at Pemberley “
  12. Alyssa Goodnight    Blog: Alyssa Goodnight   Giveaway: Jane Austen Action figure
  13. Deb     Blog: Jane Austen in  Vermont     Giveaway:  JASNA 2012 calendars from the Wisconsin JASNA Region
  14. Laura Hile,  Susan Kaye, Pamela Aidan, and Barbara Cornthwaite
    Blog: Jane Started It!      Giveaway: One copy of Young Master Darcy: A Lesson in Honour by Pamela Aidan, One set of Frederick Wentworth, Captain (Books 1 and 2) by Susan Kaye,   Two copies of Mercy’s Embrace: So Rough a Course (Book 1) by Laura Hile,   George Kinghtley, Gentleman (Books 1 and 2) by Barbara Cornthwaite.
  15. Juliet Archer     Blog: Choc Lit Authors’ Corner     Giveaway:  a copy of “Persuade Me”  and one of “The Importance of Being Emma”
  16. 18. Jane Greensmith     Blog: Reading, Writing, Working , Playing     Giveaway: a copy of  “Intimations of Austen”, and Sense & Sensibility (Marvel Illustrated)
  17. Jenny Allworthy     Blog : The Jane Austen Film Club       Giveaway:  a copy of Northanger Abbey DVD starring Felicity Jones and JJ Feild (The winner will choose region 1 or 2 DVD)
  18. Sitio Jane Austen     Blog: El Salón de Té de Jane      Giveaway:  – Spanish edition of Sense and Sensibility for the 200th Anniversary + A DVD package with adaptations of Jane Austen
    (It’s only zone 2, but it’s in Spanish and English ) +  blu-ray of the BBC’s Emma with Romola Garai
  19. Kaitlin Saunders     Blog : Kaitlin Saunders      Giveaway: “A Modern Day Persuasion”
  20. Becky Rhodehouse     Blog: One Literature Nut     Giveaway: selection of Austenesque Reads
  21. Patrice Sarath   Blog: Patrice Sarath      Giveaway: A copy of The Unexpected Miss Bennet
  22. Adriana Zardini     Site: Jane Austen Brasil     Giveaway: DVD – Sense and Sensibility (1995) – English / Portuguese subtitles
  23. Jane Odiwe     Blog: Jane Austen Sequels      Giveaway:  a mug with one of  Jane Odiwe’s illustrations and a copy of her “Mr Darcy’s Secret”
  24. Courtney Webb     Stiletto Storytime     Giveaway: Noble Satyr by Lucinda Brant (Regency Romance)
  25. Jennifer Becton     Blog: Jennifer W. Becton     Giveaway: An ebook of the Personages of Pride and Prejudice Collection, which contains all of my Austenesque works: Charlotte Collins, “Maria Lucas,” and Caroline Bingley. The giveaway will be open internationally.
  26. Vera Nazarian     Blog: Urban Girl Takes Vermont      Giveaway: a copy of Vera Nazarian’s gift hardcover edition of her inspirational calendar and diary, The Perpetual Calendar of Inspiration
  27. Abigail Reynolds     Blog: Pemberley Variations      Giveaway:   a signed copy of “Mr. Darcy’s Undoing”
  28. Blog: AustenAuthors     Giveaway:  Georgette Heyer’s Regency World by Jennifer Kloester
  29. Katherine Cox     November’s Autumn     Giveaway :$10 B&N Gift-card (US only)
  30. Maria Grazia     My Jane Austen Book Club     Giveaway : A selection of Austenesque reads

Upcoming event: Jane Austen’s birthday!

Don’t miss Jane Austen’s birthday Friday, December 16, 2011. Maria Grazia of My Jane Austen Bookclub and Katherine Cox of November’s Autumn have planned a surprise party for our dear friend Jane! Many Austen bloggers will be sending Jane gifts at their sites, so stop in and see her presents and comment- you might win a present too! Each site will have a complete list of participants for your reading enjoyment.


Austen Fans gather in Fort Worth!

The Jane Austen Society of North America (JASNA) is holding its Annual General Meeting (AGM) in at the Worthington hotel in Fort Worth, Texas from October 13-16. The AGM has guest speakers, breakout sessions, and a grand finale with a Regency Ball. In addition, on Sunday, October 16, there will be an author booksigning event from 8 am to 10:30am open only to the attendees of the meeting. Many authors, both fiction and nonfiction, will be attending the AGM and there are booksigning events outside of the AGM venue, as well.

On Friday, October 14, Laurel Ann Nattress, Carrie Bebris, and Janet Mullany will have a booksigning at Barnes and Noble at Sundance Square. The event begins at 6:30 and runs until 8pm.

On Sunday, October 16, seven Austen Authors writers will have a booksigning at the same Barnes and Noble, beginning at 1pm and ending…whenever they run out of fans! Authors present will be C. Allyn Pierson, Sharon Lathan, Abigail Reynolds, Cindy Jones, Karen Doornebos, Mary Simonsen and Susan Mason-Milks.
Both of these Barnes and Noble events are open to the public and are an opportunity to meet your favorite authors and maybe find some new favorites!

Overview of English medical practice between 1700 and 1850

Except in obstetrics, medical care did not change in any fundamental way during the 150 years between 1700 and 1850.  There were inventions, such as the stethoscope invented by the French physician Laennec in 1819, which altered how patients were examined, but until the acceptance of the concept of infectious disease in the second half of the 19th Century, the theory of medical treatments remained essentially unchanged.  This stagnation was worsened by the Napoleonic Wars, which significantly decreased travel in continental Europe by English physicians and so limited the transmission of medical knowledge from Paris and Vienna, major centers of medical advancement of the time.

Physicians were trained in England at medical schools; the only requirement for admission was the ability to pay the tuition and learning was limited to attending lectures.  There were few or no practical or hand-on teaching sessions as physicians did not perform any procedures or surgeries.  In some cities in Scotland and on the Continent a medical diploma could be obtained by mail order.  This separation of medical and surgical treatment was the result of societal mores which prevented “gentlemen” from working with their hands, a situation that began in the middle ages (when the only surgeons were barbers, who had the sharp knives).

Surgeons in the Georgian Era had long been separated from barbers, but they continued to be a completely separate branch of medical care from the physicians.  Surgeons were not required to go to medical school, but were trained by apprenticeship like any other trade.  For this reason, professional surgeons have always been called “Mr.” in England, unlike physicians, who are called “Dr.”  This has translated in modern practice to an English surgeon attending medical school and being called “Dr.” until he finishes his surgical training, at which time he goes back to “Mr.”  As the 18th Century progressed, more and more surgeons attended lectures in medical schools and gradually became more professional about their field, but until the development of anesthesia (ether) and sterile technique in the second half-centurythey were limited in what they could do.

Most of the practice of surgeons was in setting bones, removing bullets, stitching up wounds, and bleeding patients.  An important part of the practice in the first half of the 18th Century was in obstetrics; when a midwife gave up on a difficult case and either the mother or child was going to die the surgeon was called in to try and save one of them.  Not surprisingly, the association in the minds of the public between surgeons and obstetrics was that of death.

Apothecaries, or pharmacists as they are now known, were not legal practitioners of medicine, but they were the people who had the drugs and common usage in the 18th and 19th Centuries was for people who did not have a physician, or who could not afford a physician, to ask the apothecary for advice.  As time went on he was called to peoples’ houses to prescribe for those who were ill, and many upper class households used an apothecary for the servants and a physician for the family.  The apothecary could not legally charge for his advice, but only for the drugs which he prescribed.  It was not until 1815 that a law was passed requiring licensing of apothecaries, but the law was universally despised by medical practitioners and was rarely enforced because of the great confusion of responsibility for the enforcement of the law.

Midwives, until the second half of the 18th Century, were almost always women who gained some experience delivering babies and who gained their job by default of other practitioners.  Then male surgeons, who were already considered tradesmen, began infringing on this all-female monopoly and brought medical science (such as it was) into the practice of what is now known as obstetrics.  This change was largely brought about by the demands of the gentry and peers for healthy heirs to their estates.  This was so important in the smooth inheritance of vast amounts of English land that the man-midwives, or accoucheurs, were actually accepted into the upper echelons of society in a way that no other surgeons had been.  No accoucheur would have been invited to dinner by the haute ton, but one, William Knightley, was knighted for his service to the crown (he was the Prince Regent’s personal practitioner at the time) and was actually given a post as advisor to the Regent in government matters.  Clearly, he was seen by the Regent as a man of acumen and wisdom.

Austen Authors first anniversary bash

Austen Authors, that grab bag of Austen fans whose writing is inspired by Jane Austen’s classic works, will be celebrating our first anniversary for six days, September 5 through 10!  It all began when veteran writers Sharon Lathan and Abigail Reynolds began tossing around the idea of a group blog when they met at writers conferences.  After a couple of years they decided to make their dream a reality, and Austen Authors was born!  Today there are 25 members of Austen Authors who each bring their own views and experiences to the blog.

So, join us in our celebration! Virtual champagne will be provided to all celebrants, as well as virtual dark chocolate from Belgium with 85 % cocoa, and melted to the perfect temperature for dipping fresh strawberries.   Well…perhaps that is a bit of exaggeration, but the party is not! Click the Anniversary badge to the left and find out how you can join the fun!


The history of opium in medical practice.

Poppy photo courtesy Shaun Dovey

Pain relief has been one of the primary goals of medical care since humankind began and physicians have been debating the best way to accomplish this goal since ancient Egyptian physicians first wrote down their treatments and discussed them with their colleagues.  Opium, derived from the sticky sap in the immature seed pods of the opium poppy, was the most widely used medication in the Georgian, Regency, and Victorian Era for two very good reasons: it relieved pain and it was inexpensive.

Laudanum, a strong tincture containing 10% opium contained all the alkaloids of opium, primarily morphine, was widely used and could be obtained without a prescription.  It was very potent and was used for both pain and to quiet “nervous” disorders, which we would now call anxiety disorders.  It was also the only medication available to help people sleep.  Morphine and its derivatives work by binding to receptors in the brain which normally bind natural endorphins, produced by the body to relieve pain.  The action of morphine is much stronger than endorphins and will override the action of the endorphins.  Not surprisingly, most households of the gentry and upper classes would have this useful drug in the house in case of need.

Another formulation containing tincture of opium was paregoric.  This was a complex mixture first formulated by Jakob Le Mort in the early 18th Century for the treatment of asthma, and contained “honey, licorice, flowers of Benjamin, opium, camphor, oil of aniseed, salt of tartar and spirit of wine.” By the 19th Century, paregoric was primarily used for gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and the intestinal cramps associated with it (usually called abdominal colic at that time).  In this case, a side effect of the opium was what provided the relief:  opium and all of it’s relatives (including heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone and codeine) cause the intestines to stop their peristalsis, the rhythmic progression of contractions which move the  ingested food through the length of the intestines, promoting breakdown and mixing of food into a form which could be absorbed into the rest of the body.  Cramping during a bout of diarrhea is caused by lack of coordination or spasm in these muscles, resulting in pain and expulsion of the waste products before the colon can absorb the excess water and make stools of a normal consistency.

The downside to this very effective class of pain relievers is constipation (also from suppression of peristalsis), drowsiness, and the potential for addiction. With the ready availability of laudanum and paregoric, addiction was a significant risk for users.

Both laudanum and paregoric are still available in the US and England (although by prescription only) but they are rarely prescribed since the development of non-narcotic anti-diarrheal agents such as loperamide in the mid-Twentieth Century.